Information technology (IT) is one of the most booming sectors of the world economy. Indeed, the well-being of this sector is crucial to the performance of the economy as a whole, with swings in the sector greatly affecting the economic well-being all over the world. IT-related services can be broadly divided into different, specific disciplines. One of the most important of such IT services is web development.
Web development service can be defined as any activity undertaken by professional web designers, in order to create a web page. The web page is meant for publication on the World Wide Web (i.e., the Internet). However, there is a technical difference between and web designing services. While the latter involves all the design and layout aspects of a web page, writing codes and generating markups form important tasks under web development.
Website development services are required for a wide range of IT-related services. Some of the important fields that involve web development include e-commerce, business development, generation of content for the web, web server configuration, and client-side (or, server-side) scripting.
While the web development teams of large companies can comprise a large number of developers, it is not uncommon for smaller businesses to have a single contracting webmaster. It should also be understood that, although requires specialized skills, it is usually a collaborative effort of the different departments of a company that make it a success.
The web development process is a comprehensive one and can be broadly divided into different, smaller sections. In order to understand the mechanism of web development, one needs to look at the hierarchy of a typical such system. In general, any web development process can comprise of the following sections:
- a) Client-Side Coding — This component includes the usage of various computer languages. Such languages include:
- ii) CSS — involving usage of stylesheets,
iii) Flash — Commonly used as the Adobe Flash Player, this provides a platform on the client-side,
- v) Microsoft SilverLight — This, however, works only with the latest win9x versions,
- vi) XHTML — This is used as a substitute for HTML 4. With the acceptance of HTML 5 by the international browser community, this would gain more in popularity.
- b) Server-Side Coding — A wide range of computer languages can be used in the server-side coding component of a process. Some of them are:
- i) ASP — this is a proprietary product from Microsoft,
- ii) Coldfusion — also known as Macromedia (its formal official name),
iii) Perl and/or CGI — an open-source programming language,
- iv) Java — including J2EE and/or WebObjects,
- v) PHP — another open-source language,
- vi) Lotus Domino,
vii) Dot Net ( .NET) — a proprietary language from Microsoft,
viii) Websphere — owned by IBM,
- x) Smalltalk — including Seaside and AIDA/Web,
- xi) Ruby — comprising of Ruby on Rails,
xii) Python — this has a web framework called Django.
The client-side coding is mainly related to the layout and designing of web pages. On the other hand, server-side coding ensures that all back-end systems work properly, and the functionality of the website is correct. These two areas of coding need to be combined in a professional, expert manner in order to make web development an effective process.
Website development is rapidly gaining in popularity all over the world, in the IT sector. In this context, Australia, and in particular, Sydney, deserves a special mention. There are quite a number of Sydney website development companies. Web development in Sydney is an extremely well-known service and the developers from this area are thorough experts in this field.
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Technology pundits have constantly argued that the terms web development and web design are interchangeable with one another. I respectfully disagree and argue that though the terms may have been interchangeable in the past; they have long since become two terms completely separate from one another with different goals, standards, and philosophies behind them. Web development can be quickly defined as “a broad term for any activity related to developing a website for the World Wide Web or an intranet. This can include e-commerce business development, web design, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting, and web server configuration”; whereas a definition of web design can be summed up as “a process of conceptualization, planning, modeling, and execution of electronic media content delivery via Internet in the form of technologies” (definitions courtesy of Wikipedia). We can take note of a couple of things simply from these simplified definitions. The first is that web design falls under the wing of website development and it is easy to see why many think the two are intertwined much like the concept that a square is a rectangle, but a rectangle is not a square. Web design is a part of website development, but not actually an essential part of developing the web.