Air Force, a nation’s military organization principally responsible for air warfare. The air force’s missions are to control the air, help surface forces (such as bombing and strafing), and achieve strategic bombs. The air forces’ basic arms systems are military aircraft such as fighters, bombers, fighter-bombers, attacking aircraft, recognition skills, and training equipment. Many nations’ air forces have been operating land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles and nuclear-armed long-range bombers since the mid-20th century. The army and naval departments of the armed forces of one nation may also operate aviation. Still, the aviation force is generally the principal instrument of the air force in a nation. The organizational structure, command structure, and personnel grades of air forces differ by country.
Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), also known as Canadian Air Force (1968–2011), is the Canadian air defence army formation. The RCAF has served Canadians in peace and war since its founding in 1924. During the Second World War, it played a significant role and became the fourth biggest Allied Air Force in the 1950s, with hundreds of combat units on the frontlines of the Cold War. In 2011, the title “Royal,” which fell from its designation in 1968, was reinstated into the air force.
The Royal Canadian Air Force is in charge of all aircraft operations in the Canadian Forces and provides aircraft to the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army. It works in partnership with the United States Air Force to defend continental airspace as a North American Aerospace Defense Command (NAADC) (NORAD). The Royal Canadian Air Force also provides all primary air resources and is in charge of the National Search and Rescue Program (NSRP). The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) provides the Canadian government with military assets specialized to the air environment critical to Canada’s defence and security. This is called airpower and is classified functionally in four main capabilities.
- Control of the air, air attack, air mobility, and air intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) are fundamental to air forces worldwide (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance). Each of these key capacities is crucial for safeguarding the sovereignty of Canada, defending North America and helping to achieve international peace and security.
- These key defence roles guide the Canadian Armed Units (CAF) to organize, train and equip service-specific forces.
- Roles and missions in the military The distinctive properties of aircraft (flexibility, speed, reach and agility) are appropriately resourced.
- Provide sufficient latitude for the governments to determine policy alternatives for timely responses to national and global CAF events.
Canada’s military aviation history covers conflict, civil responsibilities, humanitarian operations, and peacekeeping missions. No one expects peace in the post-Cold War world. In these conditions, Canada’s air strength, which engaged twice in battle in the 1990s, is vital to maintaining international stability and defending Canadian interests. To help civil authorities in domestic catastrophes and participating in foreign crises will all be tasks that will test the Royal Canadian Air Force’s motto.